References for William Clifford

  1. J D North, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.


  1. P Lounesto, Clifford Algebras and Spinors (Cambridge, 1997).


  1. A Macfarlane, Lectures on Ten British Mathematicians of the Nineteenth Century (New York, 1916), 78-91.
  2. J R Newman, William Kingdon Clifford, Scientific American 188 (2) (1953), 78-84.
  3. William Kingdon Clifford: 1845-1879, Clifford algebras and their applications in mathematical physics, NATO Adv. Sci. Inst. Ser. C: Math. Phys. Sci. 183 (Dordrecht-Boston, Mass., 1986), xiii-xvii.

December 1996

MacTutor History of Mathematics