References for Isaac Newton


  1. I B Cohen, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
    http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-2830903155.html
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.
    http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9108764/Sir-Isaac-Newton

Books:

  1. E N da C Andrade, Isaac Newton (New York, N. Y., 1950, London, 1954).
  2. Z Bechler, Newton's physics and the conceptual structure of the scientific revolution (Dordrecht, 1991).
  3. D Brewster, Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton (1855, reprinted 1965) (2 volumes).
  4. G Castelnuovo, Le origini del calcolo infinitesimale nell'era moderna, con scritti di Newton, Leibniz, Torricelli (Milan, 1962).
  5. S Chandrasekhar, Newton's 'Principia' for the common reader (New York, 1995).
  6. G E Christianson, In the Presence of the Creator: Isaac Newton and His Times (1984).
  7. I B Cohen, Introduction to Newton's 'Principia' (Cambridge, Mass., 1971).
  8. F Dessauer, Weltfahrt der Erkenntnis, Leben und Werk Isaac Newtons (Zürich, 1945).
  9. B J T Dobbs, and M C Jacob, Newton and the culture of Newtonianism. The Control of Nature (Atlantic Highlands, NJ, 1995).
  10. J Fauvel (ed.), Let Newton Be! (New York, 1988).
  11. J O Fleckenstein, Die hermetische Tradition in der Kosmologie Newtons. Newton and the Enlightenment, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 461-470 (1979).
  12. F de Gandt, Force and geometry in Newton's 'Principia' (Princeton, NJ, 1995).
  13. D Gjertsen, The Newton Handbook (London, 1986).
  14. A R Hall, Isaac Newton, Adventurer in Thought (Oxford, 1992).
  15. J W Herivel, The background to Newton's 'Principia' : A study of Newton's dynamical researches in the years 1664-84 (Oxford, 1965).
  16. V Kartsev, Newton (Russian), The Lives of Remarkable People. Biography Series (Moscow, 1987).
  17. J E McGuire and M Tamny, Certain philosophical questions : Newton's Trinity notebook (Cambridge-New York, 1983).
  18. D B Meli, Equivalence and priority : Newton versus Leibniz. Including Leibniz's unpublished manuscripts on the 'Principia' (New York, 1993).
  19. F Rosenberger, Isaac Newton und seine Physikalischen Principien (Darmstadt, 1987).
  20. H W Turnbull, The Mathematical Discoveries of Newton (London, 1945).
  21. R S Westfall, Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton (1990).
  22. R S Westfall, The Life of Isaac Newton (Cambridge, 1993).
  23. H Wussing, Newton, in H Wussing and W Arnold, Biographien bedeutender Mathematiker (Berlin, 1983).

Articles:

  1. J Agassi, The ideological import of Newton, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 419-430.
  2. E J Aiton, The solution of the inverse-problem of central forces in Newton's 'Principia', Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. 38 (121) (1988), 271-276.
  3. E J Aiton, The contributions of Isaac Newton, Johann Bernoulli and Jakob Hermann to the inverse problem of central forces, in Der Ausbau des Calculus durch Leibniz und die Brüder Bernoulli (Wiesbaden, 1989), 48-58.
  4. E J Aiton, The contributions of Newton, Bernoulli and Euler to the theory of the tides, Ann. of Sci. 11 (1956), 206-223.
  5. E N da C Andrade, Newton and the science of his age, Proc. Roy. Soc. London. Ser. A 181 (1943), 227-243.
  6. S Aoki, The moon-test in Newton's 'Principia' : accuracy of inverse-square law of universal gravitation, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 44 (2) (1992), 147-190.
  7. V I Arnol'd, and V A Vasil'ev, Newton's 'Principia' read 300 years later, Notices Amer. Math. Soc. 36 (9) (1989), 1148-1154.
  8. R T W Arthur, Newton's fluxions and equably flowing time, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 26 (2) (1995), 323-351.
  9. K A Baird, Some influences upon the young Isaac Newton, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 41 (2) (1987), 169-179.
  10. M Bartolozzi and R Franci, A fragment of the history of algebra : Newton's rule on the number of imaginary roots in an algebraic equation (Italian), Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Sci. Fis. Natur. (5) 14 (2, II) (1990), 69-85.
  11. P K Basu, Newton's physics in the context of his works on chemistry and alchemy, Indian J. Hist. Sci. 26 (3) (1991), 283-305.
  12. Z Bechler, Newton's ontology of the force of inertia, in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 287-304.
  13. Z Bechler, Newton's law of forces which are inversely as the mass : a suggested interpretation of his later efforts to normalise a mechanistic model of optical dispersion, Centaurus 18 (1973/74), 184-222.
  14. Z Bechler, 'A less agreeable matter' : the disagreeable case of Newton and achromatic refraction, British J. Hist. Sci. 8 (29) (1975), 101-126.
  15. Z Bechler, Newton's search for a mechanistic model of colour dispersion : a suggested interpretation, Arch. History Exact Sci. 11 (1973/74), 1-37.
  16. E T Bell, Newton after three centuries, Amer. Math. Monthly 49 (1942), 553-575.
  17. D Bertoloni Meli, Public claims, private worries : Newton's 'Principia' and Leibniz's theory of planetary motion, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 22 (3) (1991), 415-449.
  18. T R Bingham, Newton and the development of the calculus, Pi Mu Epsilon J. 5 (1971), 171-181.
  19. J Blaquier, Sir Isaac Newton : The man and the mathematician (Spanish), Anales Acad. Nac. Ci. Ex. Fis. Nat. Buenos Aires 12 (1947), 9-32.
  20. M Blay, Le traitement newtonien du mouvement des projectiles dans les milieux résistants, Rev. Histoire Sci. 40 (3-4) (1987), 325-355.
  21. M Blay, and G Barthélemy, Changements de repères chez Newton : le problème des deux corps dans les 'Principia', Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. 34 (112) (1984), 68-98.
  22. C B Boyer, Newton as an originator of polar coördinates, Amer. Math. Monthly 56 (1949), 73-78.
  23. J B Brackenridge, The critical role of curvature in Newton's developing dynamics, in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 231-260.
  24. J B Brackenridge, Newton's unpublished dynamical principles : a study in simplicity, Ann. of Sci. 47 (1) (1990), 3-31.
  25. J B Brackenridge, Newton's mature dynamics and the 'Principia' : a simplified solution to the Kepler problem, Historia Math. 16 (1) (1989), 36-45.
  26. J B Brackenridge, Newton's mature dynamics : revolutionary or reactionary?, Ann. of Sci. 45 (5) (1988), 451-476.
  27. W J Broad, Sir Isaac Newton : mad as a hatter, Science 213 (4514) (1981), 1341-1344.
  28. P Casini, Newton's 'Principia' and the philosophers of the Enlightenment : Newton's 'Principia' and its legacy, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 42 (1) (1988), 35-52.
  29. P Casini, Newton : the classical scholia, Hist. of Sci. 22 (55, 1) (1984), 1-58.
  30. M Cernohorsk'y, The rotation in Newton's wording of his first law of motion, in Isaac Newton's 'Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica' (Singapore, 1988), 28-46.
  31. S Chandrasekhar, Newton and Michelangelo, Current Sci. 67 (7) (1994), 497-499.
  32. S Chandrasekhar, On reading Newton's 'Principia' at age past eighty, Current Sci. 67 (7) (1994), 495-496.
  33. S Chandrasekhar, Shakespeare, Newton and Beethoven or patterns of creativity, Current Sci. 70 (9) (1996), 810-822.
  34. C A Chant, Isaac Newton : Born three hundred years ago, J. Roy. Astr. Soc. Canada 37 (1943), 1-16.
  35. C Christensen, Newton's method for resolving affected equations, College Math. J. 27 (5) (1996), 330-340.
  36. I B Cohen, Notes on Newton in the art and architecture of the Enlightenment, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 523-537.
  37. I B Cohen, Newton's 'System of the world' : some textual and bibliographical notes, Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 11 (1-4) (1969), 152-166.
  38. I B Cohen, Isaac Newton, the calculus of variations, and the design of ships, in For Dirk Struik (Dordrecht, 1974), 169-187.
  39. I B Cohen, Newton's description of the reflecting telescope, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 47 (1) (1993), 1-9.
  40. A Cook, Edmond Halley and Newton's 'Principia', Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 45 (2) (1991), 129-138.
  41. B P Copenhaver, Jewish theologies of space in the scientific revolution : Henry More, Joseph Raphson, Isaac Newton and their predecessors, Ann. of Sci. 37 (5) (1980), 489-548.
  42. P Costabel, Les 'Principia' de Newton et leurs colonnes d'Hercule, Rev. Histoire Sci. 40 (3-4) (1987), 251-271.
  43. G V Coyne, Newton's controversy with Leibniz over the invention of the calculus, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 109-115.
  44. J T Cushing, Kepler's laws and universal gravitation in Newton's 'Principia', Amer. J. Phys. 50 (7) (1982), 617-628.
  45. S D'Agostino, On the problem of the redundancy of absolute motion in Newton's 'Principia', Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 25 (1) (1983), 167-169.
  46. S Débarbat, Newton, Halley et l'Observatoire de Paris, Rev. Histoire Sci. 39 (2) (1986), 127-154.
  47. E Dellian, Newton, die Trägheitskraft und die absolute Bewegung, Philos. Natur. 26 (2) (1989), 192-201.
  48. C Dilworth, Boyle, Hooke and Newton : some aspects of scientific collaboration, Rend. Accad. Naz. Sci. XL Mem. Sci. Fis. Natur. (5) 9 (1985), 329-331.
  49. R Dimitri'c, Sir Isaac Newton, Math. Intelligencer 13 (1) (1991), 61-65.
  50. B J T Dobbs, Newton as final cause and first mover, Isis 85 (4) (1994), 633-643.
  51. M J Duck, Newton and Goethe on colour : physical and physiological considerations, Ann. of Sci. 45 (5) (1988), 507-519.
  52. R Duda, Newton and the mathematical concept of space, in Isaac Newton's 'Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica' (Singapore, 1988), 72-83.
  53. R Dugas, Le troisième centenaire de Newton, Revue Sci. 86 (1948), 111-114.
  54. S J Dundon, Newton's 'mathematical way' in the 'De mundi systemate', Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 11 (1-4) (1969), 195-204.
  55. A W F Edwards, Is the frontispiece of 'Gulliver's travels' a likeness of Newton?, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 50 (2) (1996), 191-194.
  56. S B Engelsman, Orthogonaltrajektorien im Prioritätsstreit zwischen Leibniz und Newton, in 300 Jahre 'Nova methodus' von G W Leibniz (1684-1984) (Wiesbaden, 1986), 144-156.
  57. H Erlichson, Huygens and Newton on the Problem of Circular Motion, Centaurus 37 (1994), 210-229.
  58. H Erlichson, The visualization of quadratures in the mystery of Corollary 3 to Proposition 41 of Newton's 'Principia', Historia Math. 21 (2) (1994), 148-161.
  59. H Erlichson, Newton's polygon model and the second order fallacy, Centaurus 35 (3-4) (1992), 243-258.
  60. H Erlichson, Newton and Hooke on centripetal force motion, Centaurus 35 (1) (1992), 46-63.
  61. H Erlichson, Newton's first inverse solutions, Centaurus 34 (4) (1991), 345-366.
  62. H Erlichson, Newton's solution to the equiangular spiral problem and a new solution using only the equiangular property, Historia Math. 19 (4) (1992), 402-413.
  63. H Erlichson, How Newton went from a mathematical model to a physical model for the problem of a first power resistive force, Centaurus 34 (3) (1991), 272-283.
  64. H Erlichson, Motive force and centripetal force in Newton's mechanics, Amer. J. Phys. 59 (9) (1991), 842-849.
  65. H Erlichson, Newton's 1679/80 solution of the constant gravity problem, Amer. J. Phys. 59 (8) (1991), 728-733.
  66. N Feather, Rutherford - Faraday - Newton, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 27 (1972), 45-55.
  67. M Feingold, Newton, Leibniz, and Barrow too : an attempt at a reinterpretation, Isis 84 (2) (1993), 310-338.
  68. M Fellgett, Some influences on the young Isaac Newton, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 42 (2) (1988), 243.
  69. E A Fellmann, Über eine Bemerkung von G. W. Leibniz zu einem Theorem in Newtons 'Principia Mathematica', Historia Math. 5 (3) (1978), 267-273.
  70. E A Fellmann, Newtons 'Principia', Jber. Deutsch. Math.-Verein. 77 (3) (1975/76), 107-137.
  71. A Ferguson, Newton and the 'Principia', Philos. Mag. (7) 33 (1942), 871-888.
  72. C Ferrini, On Newton's demonstration of Kepler's second law in Hegel's 'De orbitis planetarum' (1801), Philos. Natur. 31 (1) (1994), 150-170.
  73. M Fierz and M Fierz, Zur Genauigkeit von Newtons Messung seiner Interferenzringe, Helv. Phys. Acta 67 (8) (1994), 923-929.
  74. K Figala, J Harrison and U Petzold, 'De scriptoribus chemicis' : sources for the establishment of Isaac Newton's (al)chemical library, in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 135-179.
  75. S R Filonovich, Experiment in I Newton's 'Principia' (Russian), Voprosy Istor. Estestvoznan. i Tekhn. (4) (1987), 57-67.
  76. G Findlay Shirras, Newton, a study of a master mind, Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. (N.S.) 4 (1951), 897-914.
  77. M A Finocchiaro, Newton's third rule of philosophizing : a rule for logic in historiography, Isis 65 (1974), 66-73.
  78. E G Forbes, Newton's science and the Newtonian philosophy, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 413-418.
  79. A Franklin and C Howson, Newton and Kepler, a Bayesian approach, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 16 (4) (1985), 379-385.
  80. H C Freiesleben, Newton's quadrant for navigation, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 515-522.
  81. A Gabbey, Newton's 'Mathematical principles of natural philosophy' : a treatise on 'mechanics'?, in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 305-322.
  82. M Gagnon, Les arguments de Newton concernant l'existence du mouvement, de l'espace et du temps absolus, Dialogue 25 (4) (1986), 629-662.
  83. M Galuzzi, Some considerations about motion in a resisting medium in Newton's 'Principia', in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 169-189.
  84. F de Gandt, Le style mathématique des 'Principia' de Newton, Études sur l'histoire du calcul infinitésimal, Rev. Histoire Sci. 39 (3) (1986), 195-222.
  85. F de Gandt, The mathematical style of Newton's 'Principia', Mathesis. Mathesis 6 (2) (1990), 163-189.
  86. J Gani, Newton on 'a question touching ye different odds upon certain given chances upon dice', Math. Sci. 7 (1) (1982), 61-66.
  87. J Gascoigne, The universities and the scientific revolution : the case of Newton and Restoration Cambridge, Hist. of Sci. 23 (62, 4) (1985), 391-434.
  88. I A Gerasimov, Newton and celestial mechanics (Russian), Istor.-Astronom. Issled. 20 (1988), 39-55.
  89. E Giusti, A comparison of infinitesimal calculus in Leibniz and Newton (Italian), Rend. Sem. Mat. Univ. Politec. Torino 46 (1) (1988), 1-29.
  90. J L Greenberg, Isaac Newton and the problem of the Earth's shape, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 49 (4) (1996), 371-391.
  91. J L Greenberg, Isaac Newton et la théorie de la figure de la Terre, Rev. Histoire Sci. 40 (3-4) (1987), 357-366.
  92. A T Grigor'yan, Isaac Newton's work of genius (Russian), Studies in the history of physics and mechanics 1987 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1987), 177-191; 245-246.
  93. A T Grigor'yan and B G Kuznetsov, On the 250th anniversary of the death of Newton (Russian), Organon 14 (1978), 263-274.
  94. U Grigull, Das Newtonsche Abkühlungsgesetz : Bemerkungen zu einer Arbeit von Isaac Newton aus dem Jahre 1701, Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 20 (1-4) (1978), 213-235.
  95. E Grosholz, Some uses of proportion in Newton's 'Principia', Book I : a case study in applied mathematics, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 18 (2) (1987), 209-220.
  96. H Guerlac, 'Newton's mathematical way' : another look, British J. Hist. Sci. 17 (55, 1) (1984), 61-64.
  97. H Guerlac, Can we date Newton's early optical experiments?, Isis 74 (271) (1983), 74-80.
  98. Z Hajduk, Isaac Newton's philosophy of nature, in Isaac Newton's 'Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica' (Singapore, 1988), 96-112.
  99. A R Hall, Newton and the absolutes : sources, in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 261-285.
  100. A R Hall, Beyond the fringe : diffraction as seen by Grimaldi, Fabri, Hooke and Newton, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 44 (1) (1990), 13-23.
  101. A R Hall, Further Newton correspondence, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 37 (1) (1982), 7-34.
  102. M B Hall, Newton and his theory of matter in the eighteenth century, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 453-459.
  103. A R Hall, Newton in France : a new view, Hist. of Sci. 13 (4) (1975), 233-250.
  104. A R Hall, Newton and his editors, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 29 (1974), 29-52.
  105. A R Hall, John Collins on Newton's telescope, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 49 (1) (1995), 71-78.
  106. F Hammer, Newtons Bedeutung für den Dialog zwischen Naturwissenschaft und Theologie, Philos. Natur. 20 (1) (1983), 3-13.
  107. P M Harman, Newton to Maxwell : the 'Principia' and British physics. Newton's 'Principia' and its legacy, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 42 (1) (1988), 75-96.
  108. J L Hawes, Newton's revival of the aether hypothesis and the explanation of gravitational attraction, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 23 (1968), 200-212.
  109. S W Hawking, Newton's 'Principia', in Three hundred years of gravitation (Cambridge, 1987), 1-4.
  110. A Hayli and Ph Kerspern, Le grand tournant de la pensée newtonienne de 1688-1690, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 511-514.
  111. J Hendry, Newton's theory of colour, Centaurus 23 (3) (1979/80), 230-251.
  112. J W Herivel, Newtonian studies. III : The originals of the two propositions discovered by Newton in December 1679?, Arch. Internat. Histoire Sci. 14 (1961), 23-33.
  113. J W Herivel, Sur les premières recherches de Newton en dynamique, Rev. Histoire Sci. Appl. 15 (1962), 105-140.
  114. J E Hofmann, Der junge Newton als Mathematiker (1665-1675), Math.-Phys. Semesterber. 2 (1951), 45-70.
  115. S H Hollingdale, Towards the tercentenary of Newton's 'Principia', Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 18 (9-10) (1982), 178-183.
  116. S H Hollingdale, On reading Newton's 'Opticks', Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 17 (1) (1981), 2-6.
  117. S H Hollingdale, The apotheosis of Isaac Newton, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 14 (8-9) (1978), 194-195.
  118. M A Hoskin, Newton and Lambert, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 483-484.
  119. M Hoskin, Newton and the beginnings of stellar astronomy, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 55-63.
  120. R C Hovis, What can the history of mathematics learn from philosophy? A case study in Newton's presentation of the calculus, Philos. Math. (2) 4 (1) (1989), 35-57.
  121. M Hughes, Newton, Hermes and Berkeley, British J. Philos. Sci. 43 (1) (1992), 1-19.
  122. D W Hutchings, Isaac Newton, 1642-1727, in Late seventeenth century scientists (Oxford, 1969), 158-183.
  123. M de Icaza Herrera, Galileo, Bernoulli, Leibniz and Newton around the brachistochrone problem, Rev. Mexicana Fis. 40 (3) (1994), 459-475.
  124. T Ishigaki, Newton's 'Principia' from a logical point of view, Ann. Japan Assoc. Philos. Sci. 8 (4) (1994), 221-236.
  125. A Yu Ishlinskii, Inertia forces in Newton's world (Russian), Priroda (3) (1989), 66-74.
  126. A Jacob, The metaphysical systems of Henry More and Isaac Newton, Philos. Natur. 29 (1) (1992), 69-93.
  127. W B Joyce and A Joyce, Descartes, Newton, and Snell's law, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66 (1) (1976), 1-8.
  128. R Kargon, Newton, Barrow and the hypothetical physics, Centaurus 11 (1) (1965/66), 46-56.
  129. P Kerszberg, The cosmological question in Newton's science, Osiris (2) 2 (1986), 69-106.
  130. M Keynes, The personality of Isaac Newton, Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 49 (1995), 1-56.
  131. P V Kharlamov, The concept of force in Newton's mechanics (Russian), Mekh. Tverd. Tela 20 (1988), 46-67; 112.
  132. C W Kilmister, The history of Newton's laws, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 17 (8-9) (1981), 173-176.
  133. V S Kirsanov, Newton and his epoch (Russian), Voprosy Istor. Estestvoznan. i Tekhn. (1) (1993), 16-18.
  134. V S Kirsanov, The correspondence between Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke : 1679-80 (Russian), Voprosy Istor. Estestvoznan. i Tekhn. (4) (1996), 3-39; 173.
  135. V S I Kirsanov, Newton's early ideas about gravity (1665-1669) (Russian), Voprosy Istor. Estestvoznan. i Tekhn. (2) (1993), 42-52; 172.
  136. P Kitcher, Fluxions, limits, and infinite littlenesse : A study of Newton's presentation of the calculus, Isis 64 (221) (1973), 33-49.
  137. O Knudsen, A note of Newton's concept of force, Centaurus 9 (1963/1964), 266-271.
  138. N Kollerstrom, Newton's two 'moon-tests', British J. Hist. Sci. 24 (82, 3) (1991), 369-372.
  139. N Kollerstrom and B D Yallop, Flamsteed's lunar data, 1692-95, sent to Newton, J. Hist. Astronom. 26 (3) (1995), 237-246.
  140. A Koyr, Pour une dition critique des oeuvres de Newton, Rev. Hist. Sci. Appl. 8 (1955), 19-37.
  141. F D Kramar, Questions of the foundations of analysis in the works of Wallis and Newton (Russian), Trudy Sem. MGU Istor. Mat. Istor.-Mat. Issledov. 1950 (3) (1950), 486-508.
  142. T M Kuk, On the question of Newton's physical concept of force (Russian), Sketches on the history of mathematical physics 'Naukova Dumka' (Kiev, 1985), 80-83; 185.
  143. L L Kul'vetsas, The content of the concept of force in Newton's mechanics (Russian), in Studies in the history of physics and mechanics, 1990 'Nauka' (Moscow, 1990), 131-149.
  144. B G Kuznecov, The teaching of Newton on relativity and absolute motion (Russian), Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR. Ser. Istor. Filos. 5 (1948), 149-166.
  145. T Lai, Did Newton renounce infinitesimals?, Historia Math. 2 (1975), 127-136.
  146. V P Lishevskii, The genius of the natural sciences (on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of the birth of Isaac Newton) (Russian), Vestnik Ross. Akad. Nauk 63 (1) (1993), 33-37.
  147. J E Littlewood, Newton and the attraction of a sphere, Math. Gaz. 32 (1948), 179-181.
  148. J A Lohne, Hooke versus Newton : An analysis of the documents in the case on free fall and planetary motion, Centaurus 7 (1960), 6-52.
  149. J A Lohne, Newton's table of refractive powers. Origins, accuracy, and influence, Sudhoffs Arch. 61 (3) (1977), 229-247.
  150. J A Lohne, Fermat, Newton, Leibniz und das anaklastische Problem, Nordisk Mat. Tidskr. 14 (1966), 5-25.
  151. J Marek, Newton's report 'New theory about light and colours' and its relation to results of his predecessors, Physis - Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. 11 (1-4) (1969), 390-407.
  152. J E McGuire, Newton on place, time, and God : an unpublished source, British J. Hist. Sci. 11 (38, 2) (1978), 114-129.
  153. J E McGuire and M Tamny, Newton's astronomical apprenticeship : notes of 1664/5, Isis 76 (283) (1985), 349-365.
  154. F A Medvedev, Horn angles in the works of I Newton (Russian), Istor.-Mat. Issled. 31 (1989), 18-37.
  155. A Michalik, Mathematical structure of nature in Newton's 'Definitions and Scholium', in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 265-269.
  156. F Mignard, The theory of the figure of the Earth according to Newton and Huygens, Vistas Astronom. 30 (3-4) (1987), 291-311.
  157. M Miller, Newtons Differenzenmethode, Wiss. Z. Hochsch. Verkehrswes. Dresden 2 (3) (1954), 1-13.
  158. M Miller, Isaac Newton : ber die Analysis mit Hilfe unendlicher Reihen, Wiss. Z. Hochsch. Verkehrswes. Dresden 2 (2) (1954), 1-16.
  159. M Miller, Newton, Aufzahlung der Linien dritter Ordnung, Wiss. Z. Hochsch. Verkehrswes. Dresden 1 (1) (1953), 5-32.
  160. A A Mills, Newton's water clocks and the fluid mechanics of clepsydrae, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 37 (1) (1982), 35-61.
  161. A A Mills, Newton's prisms and his experiments on the spectrum, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 36 (1) (1981/82), 13-36.
  162. J D Moss, Newton and the Jesuits in the 'Philosophical transactions', in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 117-134.
  163. H Nakajima, Two kinds of modification theory of light : some new observations on the Newton-Hooke controversy of 1672 concerning the nature of light, Ann. of Sci. 41 (3) (1984), 261-278.
  164. M Nauenberg, Huygens and Newton on Curvature and its applications to Dynamics, De zeventiende eeuw, jaargang 12 (1) (1996), 215-234.
  165. M Nauenberg, Newton's early computational method, Archive for the History of the Exact Science 46 (3) (1994), 221-252.
  166. M Nauenberg, Newton's Principia and Inverse square orbits, The College Mathematics Journal 25 (1994), 213-222.
  167. M Nauenberg, Newton's early computational method for dynamics, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 46 (3) (1994), 221-252.
  168. T Needham, Newton and the transmutation of force, Amer. Math. Monthly 100 (2) (1993), 119-137.
  169. J M Nicholas, Newton's extremal second law, Centaurus 22 (2) (1978/79), 108-130.
  170. C T O'Sullivan, Newton's laws of motion : some interpretations of the formalism, Amer. J. Phys. 48 (2) (1980), 131-133.
  171. M Panza, Eliminating time : Newton, Lagrange and the inverse problem of resisting motion (Italian), in Conference on the History of Mathematics (Rende, 1991), 487-537.
  172. J Peiffer, Leibniz, Newton et leurs disciples, Rev. Histoire Sci. 42 (3) (1989), 303-312.
  173. A Prez de Laborda, Newtons Fluxionsrechnung im Vergleich zu Leibniz' Infinitesimalkalkl, in 300 Jahre 'Nova methodus' von G W Leibniz (1684-1984) (Wiesbaden, 1986), 239-257.
  174. S Pierson, Two mathematics, two Gods : Newton and the second law, Perspect. Sci. 2 (2) (1994), 231-253.
  175. B Pourciau, Reading the master : Newton and the birth of celestial mechanics, Amer. Math. Monthly 104 (1) (1997), 1-19.
  176. B Pourciau, Newton's solution of the one-body problem, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 44 (2) (1992), 125-146.
  177. B H Pourciau, On Newton's proof that inverse-square orbits must be conics, Ann. of Sci. 48 (2) (1991), 159-172.
  178. A Prince, The phenomenalism of Newton and Boscovich : a comparative study, Synth. Philos. 4 (2) (1989), 591-618.
  179. T Retnadevi, The life and contributions of a mathematician whom I respect - Sir Isaac Newton, Menemui Mat. 5 (1) (1983), 25-33.
  180. V F Rickey, Isaac Newton : man, myth and mathematics, Mathesis. Mathesis 6 (2) (1990), 119-162.
  181. V F Rickey, Isaac Newton : man, myth, and mathematics, College Math. J. 18 (5) (1987), 362-389.
  182. G A J Rogers, The system of Locke and Newton, in Contemporary Newtonian research (Dordrecht-Boston, Mass., 1982), 215-238.
  183. G A J Rogers, Locke, Newton and the Enlightenment, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 471-476.
  184. L Rosenfeld, Newton and the law of gravitation, Arch. History Exact Sci. 2 (1964/1965), 365-386.
  185. R Rynasiewicz, By their properties, causes and effects : Newton's scholium on time, space, place and motion. II. The context, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 26 (2) (1995), 295-321.
  186. R Rynasiewicz, By their properties, causes and effects : Newton's scholium on time, space, place and motion. I. The text, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 26 (1) (1995), 133-153.
  187. C J Scriba, Ertrge der Newton - Forschung, Sudhoffs Arch. 79 (2) (1995), 150-164.
  188. A E Shapiro, Beyond the dating game : watermark clusters and the composition of Newton's ' Opticks', in The investigation of difficult things (Cambridge, 1992), 181-227.
  189. A E Shapiro, Huygens' 'Trait de la lumire' and Newton's 'Opticks' : pursuing and eschewing hypotheses, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 43 (2) (1989), 223-247.
  190. A E Shapiro, The evolving structure of Newton's theory of white light and color, Isis 71 (257) (1980), 211-235.
  191. A E Shapiro, Newton's 'achromatic' dispersion law : theoretical background and experimental evidence, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 21 (2) (1979/80), 91-128.
  192. S Di Sieno and M Galuzzi, Section V of the first book of the 'Principia'. Newton and the 'problem of Pappus' (Italian), Arch. Internat. Hist. Sci. 39 (122) (1989), 51-68.
  193. D L Simms and P L Hinkley, Brighter than how many suns? Sir Isaac Newton's burning mirror, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 43 (1) (1989), 31-51.
  194. R Sokolowski, Idealization in Newton's physics, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 65-72.
  195. G Solinas, Newton and Buffon. Newton and the Enlightenment, Vistas Astronom. 22 (4) (1978), 431-439.
  196. S K Stein, Exactly how did Newton deal with his planets?, Math. Intelligencer 18 (2) (1996), 6-11.
  197. F Steinle, Was ist Masse? Newtons Begriff der Materiemenge, Philos. Natur. 29 (1) (1992), 94-117.
  198. L Stewart, Seeing through the scholium : religion and reading Newton in the eighteenth century, Hist. Sci. 34 (104, 2) (1996), 123-165.
  199. E W Strong, Newton's 'mathematical way', J. Hist. Ideas 12 (1951), 90-110.
  200. J Such, Newton's fields of study and methodological principia, in Isaac Newton's 'Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica' (Singapore, 1988), 113-125.
  201. J Sysak, Coleridge's construction of Newton, Ann. of Sci. 50 (1) (1993), 59-81.
  202. V Szebehely, Sir Isaac Newton and modern celestial mechanics, Acad. Roy. Belg. Bull. Cl. Sci. (5) 72 (4) (1986), 220-228.
  203. F J Tipler, The sensorium of God : Newton and absolute space, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 215-228.
  204. D Topper, Newton on the number of colours in the spectrum, Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. 21 (2) (1990), 269-279.
  205. B Tucha'nska, Newton's discovery of gravity, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 45-53.
  206. I A Tyulina, On the foundations of Newtonian mechanics (on the 300th anniversary of Newton's 'Principia') (Russian), Istor. Metodol. Estestv. Nauk 36 (1989), 184-196.
  207. I A Tyulina, On the foundations of Newtonian mechanics (on the 300th anniversary of Newton's 'Principia') (Russian), Istor. Metodol. Estestv. Nauk 36 (1989), 184-196.
  208. S R Valluri, C Wilson and W Harper, Newton's apsidal precession theorem and eccentric orbits, J. Hist. Astronom. 28 (1) (1997), 13-27.
  209. A C S van Heel, Newton's work on geometrical optical aberrations, Nature 171 (1953), 305-306.
  210. S I Vavilov, I Newton's 'Lectures on Optics' (Russian), Akad. Nauk SSSR. Trudy Inst. Istorii Estestvoznaniya 1 (1947), 315-326.
  211. C Vilain, La proportionnalit de la masse et du poids dans la dynamique newtonienne, Rev. Histoire Sci. 47 (3-4) (1994), 435-473.
  212. C Vilain, Newton et le modle mcaniste de la rfraction, Rev. Histoire Sci. 40 (3-4) (1987), 311-324.
  213. V Vita, The theory of conics in Newton's 'Principia' (Italian), Archimede 30 (3) (1978), 130-141.
  214. Th von Krmn, Isaac Newton and aerodynamics, J. Aeronaut. Sci. 9 (1942), 521-522.
  215. O U Vonwiller, Galileo and Newton : their times and ours, J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 76 (1943), 316-328.
  216. C B Waff, Isaac Newton, the motion of the lunar apogee, and the establishment of the inverse square law, Vistas Astronom. 20 (1-2) (1976), 99-103.
  217. W A Wallace, Newton's early writings : beginnings of a new direction, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 23-44.
  218. R Weinstock, Newton's 'Principia' and inverse-square orbits : the flaw reexamined, Historia Math. 19 (1) (1992), 60-70.
  219. R Weinstock, Long-buried dismantling of a centuries-old myth : Newton's 'Principia' and inverse-square orbits, Amer. J. Phys. 57 (9) (1989), 846-849.
  220. R Weinstock, Newton's 'Principia' and the external gravitational field of a spherically symmetric mass distribution, Amer. J. Phys. 52 (10) (1984), 883-890.
  221. R Weinstock, Dismantling a centuries-old myth : Newton's 'Principia' and inverse-square orbits, Amer. J. Phys. 50 (7) (1982), 610-617.
  222. R S Westfall, Technical Newton : Reviews of five books on Newton's dynamics, Isis 87 (4) (1996), 701-706.
  223. R S Westfall, The achievement of Isaac Newton : an essay on the occasion of the three hundredth anniversary of the 'Principia', Math. Intelligencer 9 (4) (1987), 45-49.
  224. R S Westfall, Newton and the acceleration of gravity, Arch. Hist. Exact Sci. 35 (3) (1986), 255-272.
  225. R S Westfall, Newton's marvelous years of discovery and their aftermath : myth versus manuscript, Isis 71 (256) (1980), 109-121.
  226. R S Westfall, A note on Newton's demonstration of motion in ellipses, Arch. Internat. Histoire Sci. 22 (86-87) (1969), 51-60.
  227. R S Westfall, Huygens' rings and Newton's rings : Periodicity and seventeenth century optics, Ratio 10 (1968), 64-77.
  228. D T Whiteside, The mathematical principles underlying Newton's Principia, Journal for the History of Astronomy 1 (1970), 118-119.
  229. D T Whiteside, How forceful has a force proof to be? Newton's 'Principia', Book 1 : Corollary 1 to Propositions 11-13, Physis Riv. Internaz. Storia Sci. (N.S.) 28 (3) (1991), 727-749.
  230. D T Whiteside, Newton the mathematician, in Contemporary Newtonian research (Dordrecht-Boston, Mass., 1982), 109-127.
  231. D T Whiteside, Kepler, Newton and Flamsteed on refraction through a 'regular aire' : the mathematical and the practical, Centaurus 24 (1980), 288-315.
  232. D T Whiteside, Newton and dynamics, Bull. Inst. Math. Appl. 13 (9-10) (1977), 214-220.
  233. D T Whiteside, Newton's lunar theory : from high hope to disenchantment, Vistas Astronom. 19 (4) (1975/76), 317-328.
  234. D T Whiteside, The mathematical principles underlying Newton's 'Principia mathematica', J. Hist. Astronom. 1 (2) (1970), 116-138.
  235. D T Whiteside, Before the 'Principia' : the maturing of Newton's thoughts on dynamical astronomy, 1664-1684, J. Hist. Astronom. 1 (1) (1970), 5-19.
  236. G J Whitrow, Newton's role in the history of mathematics, Notes and Records Roy. Soc. London 43 (1) (1989), 71-92.
  237. E T Whittaker, Aristotle, Newton, Einstein, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sect. A. 61 (1942), 231-246.
  238. E T Whittaker, Aristotle, Newton, Einstein, Philos. Mag. (7) 34 (1943), 266-280.
  239. A J Wojtcuk, Newton's childhood, in Newton and the new direction in science (Vatican City, 1988), 261-264.
  240. H Wussing, Isaac Newton - Leben und Werk, NTM Schr. Geschichte Natur. Tech. Medizin 15 (1) (1978), 71-80.
  241. I M Yaglom, Why was higher mathematics simultaneously discovered by Newton and Leibniz? (Russian), in Number and thought 6 (Moscow, 1983), 99-125.
  242. K N Yan, A re-examination into Newton's definition of mass and Mach's criticism, Historia Sci. 40 (1990), 29-40.
  243. K N Yan, On Isaac Newton's ideas of gravitation and God, Historia Sci. 34 (1988), 43-56.
  244. A P Youschkevitch, Newton and the mathematical natural sciences (on the 300th anniversary of the 'Principia') (Russian), Mat. v Shkole (1) (1988), 64-67.
  245. A P Youschkevitch, Comparaison des conceptions de Leibniz et de Newton sur le calcul infinitsimal, in Leibniz in Paris (1672-1676) (Wiesbaden, 1978), 69-80.
  246. M Yurkina, Newton's 'Principia' and the origin of the modern theory of the shape of the Earth (Russian), Istor.-Astronom. Issled. 20 (1988), 56-63.

January 2000


MacTutor History of Mathematics
[http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/References/Newton.html]