References for John Napier

Version for printing
  1. M E Baron, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990).
    http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/John_Napier.aspx
  2. Biography in Encyclopaedia Britannica.
    http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9054813/John-Napier

Books:

  1. D J Bryden, Napier's bones : a history and instruction manual (London, 1992).
  2. L Gladstone-Millar, John Napier: Logarithm John (Edinburgh, 2003)
  3. C G Knott (ed.), Napier Tercentenary Memorial Volume (London, 1915).
  4. W Leybourn, The art of numbering by speaking rods : vulgarly termed Napier's bones (London, 1667).
  5. M Napier, Memoirs of John Napier of Merchiston, his lineage, life, and times, with a history of the invention of logarithms (Edinburgh, 1904).

Articles:

  1. R Ayoub, What is a Naperian logarithm?, Amer. Math. Monthly 100 (1993), 351-364.
  2. I Bruce, Napier's Logarithms, American Journal of Physics 68 (2000), 148.
  3. E M Bruins, On the history of logarithms : Bürgi, Napier, Briggs, de Decker, Vlacq, Huygens, Janus 67 (4) (1980), 241-260.
  4. V Caplja, On the question of the origin of the first calculator and application of the principle of Neper's (Napier's) bones in the multiplying mechanism of calculators (Russian), Stroje na Zpracovani Informaci 10 (1964), 321-325.
  5. G A Gibson, Napier and the invention of logarithms, in E M Horsburgh (ed.), Napier Tercentenary Celebration : Handbook of the exhibition (Edinburgh, 1914), 1-16.
  6. N T Gridgeman, John Napier and the history of logarithms, Scripta Math. 29 (1973), 49-65.
  7. R S Guter and Ju L Polunov, Binary arithmetic in the instrument calculations of John Napier (Russian), Istor.-Mat. Issled. 23 (1978), 156-167, 358.
  8. W F Hawkins, John Napier (1550-1617) : The great Scot!, New Zealand Math. Mag. 16 (2) (1979), 53-61.
  9. W F Hawkins, The first calculating machine (John Napier, 1617), New Zealand Math. Soc. Newsletter 16 (suppl.) (1979), 1-23.
  10. H Nagler, Napier and Babbage, Ann. Hist. Comput. 2 (2) (1980), 186-187.
  11. E R Sleight, John Napier and his logarithms, Nat. Math. Mag. 18 (1944), 145-152.
  12. M R Williams, From Napier to Lucas : the use of Napier's bones in calculating instruments, Ann. Hist. Comput. 5 (3) (1983), 279-296.

JOC/EFR April 1998

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http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/References/Napier.html